China turns off lights in Christmas as authorities race to meet energy goals

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In mid-December, local authorities shut down the plant and production was halted.

Ma Hairu, a manufacturer of paper decorations for Christmas and New Year, said her factory was struggling to meet demand because only half of its factories were allowed to operate. “We have a lot of orders, but we do not have time to do them,” he said.

Officials in China’s Zhejiang province are working to accelerate the five-year energy consumption target set by the central government, which ends on December 31. Earlier this month, local directives instructed businesses to stop and use elevators on the third floor only. External temperatures drop below 3 ° C (37 ° F).

“There is no power shortage,” he said [in Zhejiang]: Zhao Chenxin, secretary-general of the National Development and Reform Commission, said on Monday that some parts of the state had taken steps to limit electricity consumption to save energy and reduce emissions.

Efforts to reduce energy consumption have claimed the lives of millions. Yiwu, with a population of one million, has a temperature of 10 degrees Celsius (50 degrees Fahrenheit). Shopping malls; Heating is off in schools and hospitals.

Even street lights have gone out, leaving drivers and pedestrians in the dark, locals said Government Warning:: In the nearby city, the heat is limited ဝံ ကျိုး၊ More than 9 million people live there, According to Local government:
China needs an economic revolution to meet Xi's ambitious climate plan

Zhejiang’s massive power outages highlight the strengths and weaknesses of China’s political system. While the Communist Party may make ambitious commitments to reduce carbon emissions, vigorous implementation of these goals could incur costs for the people who benefit them.

“Tough year”

When was the last restriction on power in Yiwu? Photos versus Videos Dark streets began to spread on Chinese social media.
On Weibo, on a platform like Chinese Twitter, Yiwu residents complained that streetlights were turned off and off. Return home in the dark amidst traffic jams: The Title As of Wednesday, 120 million views and thousands of comments had been drawn.
Yiwu residents drive in the dark as traffic lights are turned off to save energy.

Some have called on the Yiwu government to abandon public safety and mark political report cards.

After the online counterattack, officers reopened some lights. The government fire operator told CNN, “The fire has been out for a few days. Most are now open.”

But there are other limitations. Min Fei, manager of a cafe at a shopping center in the city’s business district, said the heat had been turned off for about two weeks and electronic billboards and escalators were no longer working.

A receptionist at Yiwu Central Hospital said she had to add extra clothes to keep her warm as the heating in the common area was turned off. Office staff complained on Weibo Shaking at their desk:

Businesses affected by the coronavirus earlier this year ordered the city’s factories and workshops to reduce production or shut down production during the floods.

Yiwu gained Santa's reputation

December is the busiest time for Liu Lei, who does a small job with his wife in the suburbs of Yiwu. That year we made red envelopes for the New Year. But he was two years old. He was ordered to work until the end of the year To save power.

“Yes, the effect [on my business] Large orders are urgently needed for red envelopes, but I can not get enough.

Targeted political culture

Similar scrambles of the past – happened on a much larger scale and for many more months. In 2010, the last year of China’s 11-year, five-year plan, Zhejiang and more than a dozen other provinces began work to limit electricity consumption.

Some started in early July of that year; Limit or prevent production And special power plants Air conditioning is prohibited According to media reports at the time, it was in offices and schools.
Since coming to power, Chinese President Xi Jinping has waged a “war on pollution” and doubled efforts to make the country more dependent on coal. Nearly 60% China’s energy consumption The president recently made ambitious commitments to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.
The Chinese capital, Beijing, is often covered in smog in winter.
But such meaningful endeavors sometimes lead to suffering because of bad plans and hostility. To revive in 2017 Winter heat in northern China is being converted from coal to pure natural gas Some villagers and villagers were shocked When the temperature dropped, local authorities banned coal before proper gas stoves could be installed or gas supplies stabilized.

“This is common in China, and it is the result of a targeted political culture,” said Trey McArver, a colleague at Beijing-based Trivium.

In the absence of democratic elections, Chinese authorities Objectives for social stability and environmental protection are promoted to political positions in a performance-based assessment system that plays an important role in promoting opportunities.

Under Xi’s dictatorship, local authorities came under increasing pressure from the central government to achieve Beijing’s policy goals.

China  Smoke from a large steel plant in Inner Mongolia.
In September, officials in Inner Mongolia Summon The NDRC is to discuss “serious problems” with energy savings after the 13-year, five-year plan exceeds the limits set by the plan.

The five-year plan is a legacy of Chinese rule during the Maoist era. These top-level policy drafts outline the country’s social and economic development goals for the future. The 13th Five-Year Plan runs from 2016 to 2020.

Target competition

Zhejiang needs to reduce energy intensity. The amount of energy required to produce per business – 17%. Compare that to a known 2015 level Detailed schedule 13 year fish energy saving plan Published by the State Council of China.

The state only allows the equivalent of 23.8 million tonnes of coal It peaked in 2015 and reached 2050, but there are signs of overuse.

According to Notice In 2019, the Zhejiang Project, released by the Zhejiang Provincial Development and Reform Commission, used 87% of its surplus energy in the first three years.
In October, the central government sent an investigation team to Zhejiang. Its use has been evaluated. The group instructed Zhejiang to do its utmost to achieve its goals Zhejiang Provincial Development and Reform Commission:

McArver, an adviser, said the goal was more than one meeting for officers, so they were not always complete. “In the end, the reason why we are struggling to achieve this goal is because the local authorities are now focusing on other goals,” he said. Employment and government revenue.

China's steel production rises after coronavirus blockade

Coronavirus shutdowns initially helped the emission target, analysts said. China’s rapid economic recovery from the epidemic depends heavily on energy-intensive industries, said Li Shuo, senior climate policy adviser at Greenpeace East Asia.

Lauri Myllyvirta, an analyst at the Center for Energy and Clean Air Research, writes that a decline in coronavirus outbreaks has boosted steel production and boosted China’s carbon emissions. Analysis:

Manufacturers in Yiwu have seen a resurgence in production due to an increase in orders after the summer. But it was short-lived.

Mar, who sells and sells event decorations, said it was a particularly difficult year for the business. The first was due to infectious diseases and now electricity restrictions.

“We used to earn over one million yuan ($ 150,000), but we do not know how much we can do with all these cuts this year,” he said.



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