Efforts to end the three-and-a-half-year embargo on Qatar appear to be intensifying.
In June 2017, the banned countries were Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE); Bahrain and Egypt have backed Qatar in support of the violence. Too close to Iran; He blamed the severance of economic and diplomatic ties.
Inland sanctions are imposed by four countries on land and sea.
Qatar has repeatedly denied the allegations, saying there was no official reason for the severance.
The blocked quartet lists 13 demands, including the Al Jazeera media network and Turkish military bases, which Qatar immediately rejected.
Negotiations have been underway for the past two months, with Qatar emphasizing that political dialogue is the only way to end sanctions.
Earlier this month, Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan said the four cabinet members were behind the “board” and had decided that a final agreement would be reached soon.
Diplomatic sources say Egypt and the UAE have already given public support for the talks. But the UAE is reluctant to give in.
Prior to Jan. 5, Al Jazeera was reviewing the actions of the embargoed countries in disrupting Qatar during the blockade of the Gulf Corporation Council (GCC).
The role of banks in economic instability
According to A lawsuit filed in Qatar Abu Dhabi Bank, UAE’s first bank Saudi Arabia’s Samba Bank and Luxembourg-based Banque Havilland say the three banks are trying to fuel economic instability by weakening confidence in Qatar’s currency and bonds.
The most recent program is the role of Banque Havilland Reported According to Bloomberg News.
In 2017, the bank made a proposal to destabilize the Qatari economy under one of its largest customers, the crown of Abu Dhabi and the UAE.
According to a report sent to the UAE ambassador to the UAE, it called for a coordinated fight to reduce Qatar’s foreign exchange reserves.
The lawsuit alleges that Qatar Bank attempted to defraud New York-based indexes and New York-based indexes by fraudulently defrauding New York-based foreign exchange bureaus and significantly disrupting the financial markets in New York.
As a result, Qatar has boosted its economy by billions of dollars. “Financial market manipulation has tried unsuccessfully to undermine trust in Qatar and Qatar, but has resulted in economic losses,” the government said.
According to a report released by the International Monetary Fund earlier this month, Qatar expects GDP growth of 2.5 percent by 2021, with the GCC the second-highest.
In the weeks leading up to the sanctions, Qatar’s state-run media agency was attacked. Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani was misrepresented.
Qatar’s interior ministry says the attack was a cyber-attack Starting from the UAE And behind that were “state resources.”
In Qatar, cyber-attacks have spread and spread fake news via fake Twitter, manipulating hashtags.
According to Marc Owen Jones, an assistant professor of Middle East studies and digital studies at Hamad bin Khalifa University in Qatar, these Twitter bots “create propaganda messages that undermine the realities of ongoing discussions around the world” and Twitter bots in Arabic. It is important in promoting government stories:
There are at least 36 Al Jazeera journalists this year Targeted by advanced spyware Lab, a cybersecurity watchdog, said the sale was carried out by an Israeli company in an attack linked to the governments of Saudi Arabia and the UAE.
“They used some of the stolen content from their phones to post private photos of journalists on the Internet,” said Tama Al-Mitchell, a former Al Jazeera journalist.
BeoutQ piracy in Saudi Arabia
Shortly after the ban was imposed, Qatar-based BeIN sports channels, which have the exclusive regional right to broadcast international competitions and events, were banned in the blockade countries.
Shortly afterwards, a 10-channel pirate group called beoutQ launched on the Arabsat satellite operator.
BeIN Media Group has long said that it is beoutQ Steal its signal And broadcast as its own.
An Al Jazeera investigation last year revealed that beoutQ’s operations included Saudi service providers Selevision and Shammas.
World Trade Organization Extensive pirates were investigated It was broadcast via beoutQ and was found to be “broadcasting from all over Saudi Arabia without the permission of beIN”.
Forced family separation
Reports from the United Nations and human rights groups say the blockade is the result Families are being forcibly separated In cases where members have different nationalities.
The embargoed countries ordered their citizens to return home in June 2017, allowing Qatari nationals living in those countries to leave for 14 days. Separate families Recorded by Amnesty International, with a diverse membership.
Later from Qatar to Saudi Arabia; Family members are allowed to travel to Bahrain or the UAE with a “laissez-passer” document, but the humanitarian reasons for the trip are detailed.
The ICJ makes decisions on airspace
2020 In June, it was the UN Supreme Court Qatar-backed against the appeal Sanctions created by the International Civil Aviation Organization (IAEA) in defiance of the decision by the International Civil Aviation Organization in favor of the sovereign airspace.
Qatar has accused its neighbors of violating the rules for free passage of passenger planes through foreign airspace.
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) UAE The appeals of Bahrain and Egypt were rejected. It questioned the authority of the International Civil Aviation Authority (ICAO): it was tasked with hearing Qatar’s complaint.
According to the ICJO ruling, the ICAO has jurisdiction.
Since the sanctions began, Qatar has detained four countries that have been barred from violating international law.